At the end of the conference, then Prime Minister Brian Mulroney said, “I leave this conference believing that we have a better chance of saving the world than when we came here.” Developing countries such as China and India signed the agreement, but were not forced to reduce their emissions, as developed countries caused most of the world`s emissions. Major developing countries were expected to begin reducing their emissions at any future stage of Kyoto. Environment Minister Peter Kent said there was no point in Canada staying in the agreement because the protocol did not include China and the United States, the world`s two largest emitters of greenhouse gases, so it would not be effective in addressing climate change. Kent argued that “the Kyoto Protocol does not cover the world`s two largest emitters, the United States and China, and therefore cannot function.” In 2010, Canada, Japan and Russia declared that they would not accept new Kyoto commitments. Canada is the only country that rejects Kyoto. Kent argued that since Canada could not meet the targets, it had to avoid fines of $14 billion for failing to meet its targets. [10] This decision has generated wide international attention. [11] Finally, the cost of compliance has been estimated at 20 times. [12] Countries for which emissions are not covered by the Kyoto Protocol (the United States and China) have the largest emissions and are responsible for 41% of the Kyoto Protocol. China`s emissions increased by more than 200% between 1990 and 2009.

[13] Canadian Council of Chief Executives[Notes 3] Vice-President John Dillon argued that a further Kyoto extension would not be effective because many countries, not just Canada, were not on track to meet their 1997 Kyoto emission reduction commitments. [14] Canada signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and was the first G7 country to ratify the treaty. “Chrétien`s announcement in September 2002 to ratify Kyoto came as a surprise to many people,” Hill said. “They called on western oil producers, provinces and industries to mount a major campaign to fight the Kyoto Protocol and look for alternative measures. Godfrey`s petition, Hill continues, points out that a majority of Liberal MPs would vote for the Kyoto Protocol, regardless of the cost, and thus set the political context for the treaty`s ratification this summer. Some argue that when Prime Minister Stephen Harper took office in 2006, his strong opposition to Kyoto, market-oriented policies, and “deliberate indifference”[5] contributed to a dramatic increase in greenhouse gas emissions. [6] [Notes 2] Harper had previously denounced the Kyoto Protocol as a “socialist plan to suck money from wealth-producing countries” and pledged to fight it in a 2002 letter of donation to members of the Canadian Alliance. [7] From its ratification in 2002 to Canada`s eventual withdrawal from the agreement in 2011, the Kyoto Protocol has sparked much debate, disagreement and discussion for the country and its citizens. Canada is expected to sign a new climate agreement at COP21 in Paris in December. Is there anything to learn from Canada`s turbulent journey with the Kyoto Protocol? The protocol, originally adopted in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997, aims to combat global warming.

Canada`s previous Liberal government signed the agreement, but did little to implement it, and the Conservative government of current Prime Minister Stephen Harper never adopted it. Canada withdrew from the Kyoto Protocol on climate change, a day after an update was agreed, and said the agreement would not work. The Kyoto Protocol, which expires next year, commits major industrialised countries to reduce their annual CO2 emissions below 1990 levels, while providing financial support to developing countries to encourage them to do the same. Canada signed the agreement in 1998 and ratified it in 2002, but was not on track to meet its legally binding targets. The protocol, originally adopted in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997, aims to combat global warming. Debates about the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol in Canada are influenced by the nature of the relationship between national, provincial, territorial and municipal governments. The German government can negotiate multilateral agreements and enact laws to comply with its terms. However, the provinces have a responsibility when it comes to energy and therefore to a large extent climate change. .